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C (Lean Glossary)

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C

Capacity: The ability of a machine and its operator to complete the work required.

Capacity Constraint Resources: Where a series of non-bottlenecks, based on the sequence in which they perform their jobs can act as a constraint.

Catch-Ball: A series of discussion between managers and their employees during which data, ideas, and analysis are thrown like a ball. This opens productive dialogue throughout the entire company.

Cells: The layout of machines of different types performing different operations in a tight sequence, typically in a U-shape, to permit single piece flow and flexible deployment of human effort.

Cell-Layout: Cell layout is the layout of dissimilar machines within a cell and then in the order of process sequence with the objective of one worker operating more than one machine.

CFT: Cross Functional Teams are organized with members from different functions within the organization, so as to get a broader and varied perspective on implementations.

Chaku-Chaku: A method of conducting single-piece flow, where the operator proceeds from machine to machine, taking the part from one machine and loading it into the next.

Change Agent: The catalytic force moving firms and value streams out of the world of inward-looking batch-and-queue.

Changeover: The installation of a new type of tool in a metal working machine, a different paint in a painting system, a new plastic resin and new mold in an injection molding machine, new software in a computer, and so on.

CIP: Continuous Improvement Process, a tool for identification and elimination of waste.

Constant order-cycle system: An inventory-control system that features a fixed recorder date and a varying order quantity.

Constant order-quantity system: An inventory-control system that features a fixed recorder quantity and a varying reorder date. Constraint: Anything that limits a system from achieving higher performance, or throughput.

Constraining Operation: The manufacturing step that determines the upper limit on the number of finished parts that can be produced within a value stream - bottle neck operation

Constraint Operation: An operation that is long in duration or is critical in completing a manufacturing process.

Contact Method: An error proofing method that involves, inspecting the size, shape or colour of an object to determine if any deviations exist

Continuous Flow Production: Means items are produced and moved from one processing step to the next one piece at a time. Each process makes only the one piece that the next process needs, and the transfer batch size is one. Also called "single-piece flow" or "one-piece flow."

Control Chart: A chart with upper and lower limits on which values of some statistical measures for a series of samples or sub-groups are plotted.

Core Processes: The essential activities that an organization must perform to produce products, complete order fulfillment functions, maintain its assets, and complete all supporting business functions.

Cost Shifting: Moving costs from one account to another without crating any real savings. This often hides waste rather than its removal.

Covariance: The impact of one variable upon others in the same group.

Current State Map: Helps visualize the current production process and identify sources of waste.

Customer Value: An aspect of a product or service for which a customer is willing to pay.

Cycle Time: The time required to complete one cycle of an operation.


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